In the study of American sign language, the notions of „space correspondence,” „sign perspective” and „reality principle” are much balanced. These three closely related concepts simply refer to the signature and display of places and other physical objects as they are in real life. In other words, if you describe in ASL where the bathroom is, you should indicate in the direction where the bathroom is actually located, not in the opposite direction. This is generally what we mean by the principle of reality. You use the so-called „dedication room” or the area in front of your body, where the signs are signed, to indicate as clearly as possible where the objects are related to each other so that the recipient can find his way from your visual description. Moment, which means how you look, and the tilt of the head are used in addition to showing directions. To see z.B. a right turn while pointing to the right, tilt your head to the left as if you were looking right at the corner. 2 Unit 14 – Space Arrangement 3.
If you are talking about a third person, it is important that you use your dedication room, flexions and pronouns accordingly. (By „third person,” we`re talking about someone other than yourself, the „first person” and the person you`re talking to, the „second person”). The third person may be present and in sight, or from view, known or unknown wound. It is important to set up the speaker for the third person at a given location, and then use pronouns and curves on verbs that correspond to that place. Speaking of a third person who is present, if you are talking about someone in the room, refer to the actual location of that person. If this person moves to another location in the room, contact the new location to talk about that person. What if someone was there and left the room? In general, a new location is set up in the direction where the person was last seen: If they were to leave the front door, point in the direction of the door. If you don`t know where the person went, use the previously defined location for that person. This use of the space chord can also be used to display the reference at the time.
If an event occurs in the distant future, the same change can be used when signing to display distant objects to display the chronilogic distance. For example, the „Will” sign can be signed slowly and with a leaping motion, as the hand has turned forward and the head is slightly backwards, the eyes being peeled off. This sign can be interpreted in English as „eventually” or „someday.” Similarly, if an event has just occurred in the recent past, the behaviour of the cheek to the shoulder can be used with the „new” sign to show something that has just happened. In addition, spatial adequacy can also show how far something is. If something is far away, it can be shown if it is shown by turning the hand movement with the outstretched index finger, moving in slow motion and shaking the front hand by turning forward. At the same time, the head is slightly tilted backwards and the eyes are peeled as on the Farway object. Conversely, if an object is very close, this is shown in ASL pointing at it as if it were so close that you will have to remove your picky arm in a chicken wing position, bend its elbow and wrist, point at an angle down and forward.